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Jim Corbett National Park
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Corbett National Park Flora and Fauna

Jim Corbett National Park's flora and fauna is beyond imagination. One can say that agar aapne corbett nahi dekha to duniya me kuchh bhi nahi dekha (If you have not seen corbett, you have seen nothing in the world).


The Flora in Corbett National Park:


Corbett is worldwide famous for it's wild population of Tigers, Leopards, Elephants . More than 520 sq. kms. area of Corbett National Park is full of mind blowing floral diversity. Different types of 600 plant spices, Dense Sal forests, Khair-Sisso forests, grass, herbs, bamboos, Mountains, Chaur, rivers, streams makes Corbett Park natural habitat for the wild animals, tigers.


Dense moist deciduous forest mainly consists of sal, haldu, peepal, rohini and mango trees. Forest covers almost 73% of the park, 10% of the area consists of grasslands. It houses around 110 tree species, 50 species of mammals, 580 bird species and 25 reptile species.


Tree density inside the reserve is higher in the areas of Sal forests Besides these, other varieties of flora in Corbett include the occasional simal (Bombax cieba), jhingan (Lannea coromandelica) and khair (Acacia catechu) which bear flowers during summers just before the advent of the spring is found along the Ramganga river.


Some of the trees that can be commonly identified at the Corbett National Park are rohini, karipak, ber, dhak, simal, grewia, bael, kurha, jhingan, marorphali, khair, bakli, tendu, pula, sain etc. The nullahs and ravines that go deep into the Corbett forests have clusters of bamboo thickets and common green shrubs. The vast stretches of chaur or grasslands serve as ideal grazing grounds for herbivores.


In fact almost 51 species of shrubs and 33 species of bamboo thrive at the Corbett National Park.



The Fauna in Corbett National Park:


Corbett National Park is one of the thirteen protected areas covered by the World Wide Fund For Nature under their Terai Arc Landscape Program. and the first Tiger Reserve under the project in India inaugurated in 1974. The program aims to protect three of the five terrestrial flagship species, the tiger, the Asian elephant and the great one-horned rhinoceros, by restoring corridors of forest to link protected areas of Nepal and India, to enable wildlife migration.


India is the home of more than 4000 Royal Bengal Tigers and Corbett is haven for Tigers.


The Mammals in the Corbett: Tigers, Leopards/ Panthers, Elephants, Royal Bengal Tigers, Jungle cats, Fishing Cats, Leopard cats, Himalayan black bears, Sloth bears, Jackals, Martens, Dholes, Civets, Mongooses, Otters, Hares, Porcupines, Chital (spotted deer), Sambar deer, Hog deer, Barking deer, Ghorals, Wild Boars, Pangolins, Macaques, Langurs and Blue Bulls (Nilgais).


The Birds in the Corbett: Corbett has officially recorded nearly 600 bird species - Herons, Darters, Cormorants, Lapwings, Paradise Flycatchers, Munias, Weaver birds, Fishing eagles, Serpent eagles, Spotted Eagles, Black throated Payas, Mynas, Indian Roller, Jungle Fowl, Vultures, Thrushes, Barbets, Peacocks, peahens, Kingfishers, migrant Gulls, Moorhens, Ducks, Geese, Sandpipers, Nightjars, Cuckoos, Woodpeckers, Wagtails, Black winged Kits, Drongos, Doves, Plovers, Black necked Storks, Parakeets, Sarus Crane, Owls, Chir Pheasants, Kalij Pheasants, Grebes, Grey Lags, Snipes, Harriers, Ospreys, Minivets, Babblers, Hornbills, falcons and Stone Curlews.


The Fish in the Corbett Park:

Mahaseer (Barbus tor), Goonch (Bargarius bargarius), Kalimuchi (Barbus chilinoides), kalabasu (Labeo calabasu), Chilwa (Oxygastro bacaila) and many other smaller species.


The Reptiles in the Corbett Park:

Indian Marsh crocodile or Mugger (Crocodilus palustris), Gharials (fish eating Crocodiles), Mugger Crocodiles, Monitor Lizards, turtles, King Cobra (Naja bungarus), Common Krait (Bungarus caoruleus), Cobra (Naja naja), Russel Viper (Vipera ruselli), Pythons (Python molorus) and the Sal forest Tortoise.


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